Is Polaris always North?

If always means in our lives, the answer yes.  If always means throughout all of time no.  How it Works explains that “precession”  is the reason it has not always, nor will it be, always north.

Hipparchus (190 – 120 B.C.) is considered to be the founding father of Astronomy because he discovered the precessional movement and nutation  (wobbling) of the earth around its axis — i.e. the discovery of the precession of the equinoxes. He even calculated the movement of point “γ” at the intersection of the celestial equator on the ecliptic, at 26,000 years all without a calculator.  This finding allowed the science of the stars, astrology and then astronomy to develop as he also mapped about 1,000 stars in his almanac.

He did this by postulating a point “Y”  in the celestial heavens, coming up with Declination (latitude) and Right Ascension (longitude) .  The problem then becomes a  point of reference — how do we know where to go if we do not know where we are?  much less how would we get back? —  which is the  ‘γ’ point.  One cannot just make a “y’ point anywhere, there must be some type of celestial landmark, or event, that always happens, always exists so we can always note it throughout the year.

With his  “sky map”, Hipparchus choose as his landmark, the Aries Point or  the first day of spring, because of its importance in the Greek calendar. He built upon Democritus’s idea that there was a tilt because there is night and day as well as seasons, thus postulating that the Earth was not round but spherical with a tilt  of 23.5°.  Hipparchus then used the Pole Star (Polaris) (Athens is in the Northern Hemisphere) as his guide.

All of this worked because Hipparchus assumed gravity — those magnetic forces generated close to the Equator and pull the globe  this way and that — which is also why we do not fall off. These g-forces are because of the  combination of the Sun’s ray, the Moon and the celestial planets..  Hence, as the Earth orbits like  a spinning top on the celestial plan, it makes  a slight precessional motion accompanied by nutation (wobbling) in relation to its axis. This effect is called  the “Precession of the Equinoxes” or the precession, , but as the travel time (rotation around the plane) is 26,000 years long, you will not see any discernible difference night to night.

Astrologer Carl Tobey did a lot of work on the moon wobbling and its effect in astrology.





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