Franz Joseph Haydn – composer


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Joseph Haydn was a composer and teacher to Wolfgang Mozart.  He was born March 31, 1732 and died May 31, 1809.  He is considered the “Father of the String Quartet” and was instrumental to the piano trio, considered to be the genesis of the sonata form.  His brothers were Michael Haydn, also an accomplished composer & Johann Evangelist Haydn, a virtuoso tenor.  He taught both Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

His chart has a mutable accent to an hourglass temperament type, suggesting someone who was always having to adapt to the times via acquaintances.  The shifting sands of the type, have a heavy bias towards opportunity as well, with the base (Houses 1,2&3) in the physical signs of ambition and mental ability.

Pluto though shown on the chart are yet to be discovered.  Uranus was during his lifetime March 1781,  and is in the third House, naturally Gemini, as well as on the Fourth House Cusp of Sagittarius, two strong mutable planets.  This emphasizes the need to travel to enlargen his circle &  fulfill his ambition.

                                        The early years

Haydn (pronounced High-den)  started off as a choirboy obtaining a scholarship for his singing, but then just as suddenly lost it as his voice changed (Uranus in the Third House highlighting sudden changes in his ambition (Mars). Rebuffed at his first choice, he undertook the self-study of Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, the second son of  Johann Sebastian Bach, and a crucial composer in the transition phase between the Classical Style of his father and  the Baroque period.

Prince Nikolau Esterhazy

It was his tedious copying (Mars opposite Neptune conjunct Moon at the Midheaven) of Bach’s chords and forms —  the traditional method of studying this brought brought him the attention of Italian composer and singing teacher Nicola Antonio Porpora, who invited him to his school, first as accompanist for voice lessons and as Haydn’s developed, compositions.

Ludwig van Beethoven
Ludwig van Beethoven c. 1801

The natural ruler of the Third House is Gemini which does bestow musical gifts, being an air sign, and its ruler is in the Seventh House, partnering with others, particularly men who are in the top of their profession.

From Porpora, Haydn was introduced to music-loving Austrian nobleman Karl Joseph von Fürnberg, who in turn brought him to the attention of Count Ferdinand Maximilian von Morzin.  His job title under Morzin was Kapellmeister, musical director, and he led and developed the Count’s orchestra.  Unfortunately while von Morzin  loved music he had little money and so he graciously recommended Haydn and troup to the  Prince Pál Antal Esterhazy (Hungary), the richest man in the Holy Roman Empire.  Morzin was probably hoping for some sort of finders fee as well.

With Esterhazy’s backing,Haydn provided for his patron more than 150 compositions featuring the baryton, a cellolike instrument.  Listen to it here on Youtube by musician Roland Hutchinson.  Haydn also travelled with the family throughout the capitals of Europe, putting on performances of chamber music, and even operatic productions.  it was a grueling job, but it seems Haydn relished it as it gave him access to his own orchestra to play his works.

                  The London Years

Rebecca Scott Schroeter

When Esterhazy died, Haydn was put on a pension and freed of his works, so he traveled to London and met Rebecca Scott Schroeter.  With Saturn in the Seventh House, this suggests a strong physical relationship for either an older woman or widow growing out of a mutual interest ( Sun, Saturn and Mercury).

Despite their mutual affection, they could not marry as Haydn was married to Maria Anna Keller with whom he rarely lived, but as a devout Catholic would not consider divorcing (see Venus in the Ninth House of Taurus suggesting the bonds to the Chuch triumphed all.)

                                                     In the end

Haydn returned to Vienna, homesick and took up teaching and pushing the musical envelope.  When unable to compose, he prayed faithfully the rosary, claiming it gave him great inspiration and insight.  He died in 1803 in Vienna, fourteen before Napeleon invaded.

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