The Birth of South KOREA


From 1911 Britannica

Korean Geography

Korea or Corea is the portion consists of a peninsula stretching southwards from Manchuria, with an estimated length of about 600 m., an extreme breadth of 135 m., and a coast-line of 1740 m.

It extends from 34 18′ to 43 N., and from 124 36′ to 130 47′ E. Its the northern boundary is marked by the Tumen and Yalu rivers; the eastern boundary by the Sea of Japan; the southern boundary by Korea Strait; and the western boundary by the Yalu and the Yellow Sea. Nearly the whole surface of the country is mountainous and has no plains deserving the name.

In the north, there are mountain groups with definite centers, the most notable being Paik-tu San or Psi-shan (8700 ft.) which contains the sources of the Yalu and Tumen.

The south and west coasts are fringed by about 200 islands (exclusive of islets), two-thirds of which are inhabited; 100 of  are from 100 to 2000 ft. in height, and many consists of bold, bare masses of volcanic rock.

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Racial Makeup

The origin of the Korean people is unknown. They are of the Mongol family; their language belongs to the so-called Turanian group, is polysyllabic, possesses an alphabet of vowels and 14 consonants, and a script named En-mun. Literature of the higher class and official and upper-class correspondence are exclusively in Chinese characters, but since 1895 official documents have contained an admixture of En-mun.

The Koreans are distinct from both Chinese and Japanese in physiognomy, though dark straight hair, dark oblique eyes, and a tinge of bronze in the skin are always present. The cheek-bones are high; the nose inclined to flatness; the mouth thin-lipped and refined among patricians, and broad and full-lipped among plebeians; the ears are small, and the brow fairly well developed. The expression indicates quick intelligence rather than force.

The male height averages 5 ft. 4 in. The hands and feet are small and well-formed. The physique is good, and porters carry on journeys from zoo to 200 tb. Men marry at from 18 to 20 years, girls at 16, and have large families, & women traditionally are secluded and occupy a very inferior position. The Koreans are traditionally rigid monogamists, but  concubinage has had a recognized status particularly during the reign of the Emperor.

The Capital City of Seoul

Eastern Seoul was the capital of Korea from 1394 until the formal division of the country in 1948. The name means “capital” in the Korean language. The city was popularly called Seoul in Korean during both the Chosŏn (Yi) dynasty (1392–1910) and the period of Japanese rule (1910–45), although the official names in those eras were Hansŏng (Hanseong) and Kyŏngsŏng (Gyeongseong), respectively.

The city was also popularly and, during most of the 14th century, officially known as Hanyang.  In the 1930’s Imperialist Japan invaded Korea and  Seoul came under the direct control of the central government as the Special Free City of Seoul (Sŏul-t’ŭkpyŏljayusi).

 

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Historical map of the area c. 1603

 

 Political History

At the close of 1897, the king assumed the title of emperor and changed the official designation of the empire to Dai Han the Great Han. By 1898 the imperial will, working under partially new conditions produced continual chaos, and by 1900 succeeded in practically overriding all constitutional restraints.

Meanwhile, Russian intrigue was continuously active. At last Japan resorted to arms and her success against Russia in the war of 1904-5 enabled her to resume her influence over Korea. On the 23rd of February 1904, an agreement was determined whereby Japan resumed her position as administrative adviser to Korea, guaranteed the integrity of the country, and bound herself to maintain the imperial house in its position. Her interests were recognized by Russia in the treaty of peace (September 5, 1905), and by Great Britain in the Anglo-Japanese agreement of the I2th of August 1905.

The Koreans did not accept the restoration of Japanese influence without demur.

In August 1905 disturbances arose owing to an attempt By some merchants to obtain special assistance from the Treasury on the pretext of embarrassment caused by Japanese financial reforms; these disturbances spread to some of the provinces, and the Japanese were compelled to make a show of force.

New York Times on Korea  annexation 1907

Prolonged negotiations were necessary to the completion of the treaty of the I7th of November 1905, whereby Japan obtained the control of Korea’s foreign affairs and relations, and the confirmation of previous agreements, the far-reaching results of which have been indicated.

Nor was opposition to Japanese reforms confined to demonstration. In 1907 a Korean delegacy, headed by Prince Yong, a member of the imperial family, was sent out to lay before the Hague conference of that year, and before all the principal governments, a protest against the treatment of Korea by Japan. While this was, of course, fruitless from the Korean point of view, it indicated that the Japanese had to take active measures to suppress the intrigues of the Korean court.

Finally, at the instigation of the Korean Ministry, the emperor abdicated on the Eighth of July 1907, handing over the crown to his son. The convention was signed on the 25th of July. One of the reforms immediately undertaken was the disbanding of the Korean standing army, which led to an insurrection and an intermittent guerrilla warfare which, owing to the nature of the country, was not easy to subdue.prince ito.jpg

Under  Prince Ito, the Japanese statesman and general,  the work of reform was vigorously prosecuted but that backfired when a Korean Nationalist assassinated him on October 26, 1909.

General Teranchi, Japanese minister of war, then became resident-general, with the mission to bring about annexation.  This was finally effected in August 1910, when the emperor of Korea signed a  formal treaty surrendering his country and crown.

 

 

World War II & Policing Asia

The earliest indication of American planning regarding the future of Korea was given when U.S. president Franklin Roosevelt wrote to Chiang Kai-shek, the Chinese Nationalist leader, in December 1942, of the possibility that China, American, Britain, and Russia would become “the four ‘big policemen’ of the world” after the war and that Russia would have to be included in any military occupation or trusteeship over Korea.

korea as a republicThis view was reasserted when British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden came to the United States in March 1943 and discussed with Roosevelt and Secretary of State Cordell Hull a number of questions including the future of Japanese possessions in the Asia-Pacific region.

At the Cairo Conference attended by Roosevelt, Churchill, and Chiang in November 1943, the so-called Cairo Declaration on the war against Japan and postwar settlement for Japanese-held territories (including Korea) was issued, a part of which read that “in due course Korea shall become free and independent.”

But times changed,  and since FDR  admired Josef Stalin, when Japan surrendered to the Allies at the close of World War II, Korea was not made totally free as agreed upon at Cairo but divided per a “private agreement” between the two heads of State.douglas macarthur Korea was became North Korea (the democrat people’s republic of Korea) and South Korea (the republic of Korea); Chaing Kai-Shek was now out in Formosa– previously also owned by Japan objected as did Britain.  Both were noted and ignored.

Under the new agreement, the USSR would now occupy  Korea north of the 38th parallel line, and the United States would occupy the country south of the 38th parallel line.

Another change &  another president and this one, Harry S Truman,  granted South Korea it’s freedom in a ceremony on August 15, 1948.  Seoul was once again the capital. General Douglas MacArthur was the U.S. representative at the ceremonies & when  Soviet aided North Korea invaded the Republic of South Korea two years later, there was the Korean Conflict.

 

The Southern Bowl of South Korea

S_Korea_Novice 2 Wheel

The date and time is from Doris chase Doane’s book on World Horoscopes.  It was confirmed by the New York Times, though they reported that the ceremonies began at 12 noon ilke our Inauguration.  The twelve minutes is a minor issue.autumn leaf.jpg

South Korea has a Southern (upper) bowl with a strong Western (resourceful) focus.  It’s Ascendant is 24.43 Libra that according to E. C. Chamber shows “Watchfulness,” in a progressive and foresighted chart.

In the Sabian Symbols this gets the symbol of “Information stored in a autumn leaf,” with the Keyword of Tact.

Dr. Jones writes that this Ascendant gives strong adaptability and unswerving fidelity to its goals that looking at its chart would be it’s nations status, particularly highlighted at it’s natal Sun at 22.08 Leo resides there in a stellium of Pluto, Mercury and Saturn.  It has the symbol of a “bareback rider,” who has the courage to meet everyday with audacity and assurance.

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South Korea’s Sun at 23 Leo

The Ascendant is also well aspected to that Stellium, especially Saturn, ensuring that they remain a traditional Korean society as it had pre-Japan annexation.

Its bowl, always a rather insular temperatment type, begins at the 9th house of  long distance travel & foreign imports and exports, and ends at the 3rd house of   transportation and communications as well as relationships  with neighboring countries.

The Moon is also in the 3rd house, suggesting the worries of having North Korea & China next door.

 

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